☆ What is bullion gold (coin, ingots and bars)

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bullion gold

Bullion, a term derived from the Anglo-Norman word for a metal-melting house, refers to non-ferrous metals that have undergone a refining process to achieve a high level of elemental purity. It is typically associated with bulk metals, particularly precious metals like gold and silver. While bullion is no longer used for producing everyday coins, it remains a favored investment option known for its stability during periods of economic uncertainty. The quality of gold bullion is assessed through traditional methods like fire assay, complemented by modern spectroscopic techniques.

Understanding Bullion.

Bullion is synonymous with high-purity gold and silver, typically exceeding 99.5% and 99.9% purity levels, often in the form of bars, ingots, or coins. It holds importance as a reserve asset for governments and central banks.

The process of creating bullion involves mining gold ore, extracting pure bullion through chemical processes or extreme heat. If bullion contains multiple types of metals, it is termed “unparted bullion.”

Central banks and institutional investors often hold bullion as part of their reserves. It can be considered legal tender, used to settle international debts and stimulate the economy.

Bullion banks play a key role in bullion markets, offering various services such as clearing, risk management, trading, and acting as intermediaries. They are typically members of the London Bullion Market Association (LBMA), an over-the-counter (OTC) market.

There are several ways to invest in bullion, including physically holding bullion, investing in gold or silver exchange-traded funds (ETFs), or trading futures contracts. The choice of investment method depends on an individual’s risk tolerance and preferences.

  • Physical Bullion: Investors can purchase gold and silver bars or coins from reputable dealers, which can be stored in a secure location. Alternatively, they can opt for allocated accounts at banks, which offer legal ownership of the bullion.
  • Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs): ETFs provide exposure to bullion markets, typically tracking gold or silver certificates. ETFs are easy to trade through brokerage accounts.
  • Futures Contracts: Futures contracts are agreements to buy or sell bullion at a preset price on a future date. These contracts can be used for speculation or hedging but may require significant capital.

Bullion As an Investment

However, investment-grade gold stands apart as the purest form of gold, boasting a 99.5% purity. This is commonly referred to as gold bullion, available in the form of bars or coins. The value of gold bullion is determined by the gold spot price, alongside a premium covering production costs. Dealer premiums also reflect supply and demand imbalances for specific bars or coins. Investment-grade gold is recognized as the only form suitable for investment, and it’s amassed by banks, governments, and private investors.

In the European Union, gold bullion must meet a minimum purity of 99.5% for gold bullion bars and 90% for bullion coins to be considered “bullion” and enjoy investment tax treatment. Every year, the European Commission releases a list of gold coins that are to be recognized as investment gold coins across all EU Member States. Investors opt to invest in physical gold bullion for various reasons, such as hedging against currency fluctuations, inflation risks, geopolitical instability, or to diversify their investment portfolios.

In the U.K. entities like H.M. Revenue & Customs listspecific criteria: Gold bars or wafers with a minimum purity of 995 thousandths and weights accepted by bullion markets, as well as gold coinscoins minted after 1800 with a purity of at least 900 thousandths or those recognized as legal tender in their country of origin.

The London Bullion Market
The London bullion market serves as an over-the-counter platform for wholesale trading of gold and silver. The London Bullion Market Association (LBMA) plays a pivotal role in coordinating the activities of market participants. The LBMA establishes and promotes quality standards for gold and silver bullion bars, with minimum fineness requirements of 99.5% for gold bars and 99.9% for silver bars to qualify as “bullion.”

Bullion Coins

Bullion coins, created by official agencies, are modern precious metal coins intended for investment purposes. Some have historical usage as currency, like the Maria Theresa thaler and the Krugerrand. Although they often hold legal tender status with nominal face values, they are not commonly circulated. Bullion coins come in both business strike and collectible versions, such as the American Silver Eagle and American Gold Eagle coins. Private mints produce bullion rounds, wafers, or bars that are typically sold slightly above the prevailing precious metals spot price, based on their metal content. Collectible versions, on the other hand, command a significant premium over their intrinsic bullion value.

Bullion Bar

A gold bar, also known as a gold bullion or gold ingot, is a refined quantity of metallic gold produced under specific standards and conditions. It can take various shapes, with larger bars created by pouring molten gold into molds, known as ingots, and smaller bars manufactured through minting or stamping gold sheets. Gold bars are categorized as cast or minted, with cast bars resulting from poured molten gold, while minted bars are cut from a cast bar with smooth surfaces. Security features like registered serial numbers and hologram security measures are used to prevent counterfeiting. The industry defines categories for gold bars, including investment bars, unwrought bars, and ornamental bars.

Various Uses.
Professionals, including banks, fabricators, refiners, and vault operators, actively participate in the bullion markets, offering services for refining, melting, assaying, transporting, trading, and storing gold and silver bullion. Investment companies and jewelers incorporate bullion in the products and services they offer. For example, some gold exchange-traded funds (ETFs) represent the gold spot price, but ETF shareholders often have no direct ownership of vaulted gold bullion. Due to the minimization of counterparty risks, many investors prefer to hold bullion directly.

Private individuals predominantly view bullion as an investment and a long-term store of value. Gold and silver bullion are considered essential forms of physical precious metal investments. These bullion investments act as a hedge against inflation and economic turmoil, with their primary counterparty risk being theft or government confiscation.

Bullion prices can fluctuate, presenting both investment opportunities and risks. While holding physical bullion offers a tangible asset, ETFs and futures provide financial exposure to the market. Investors should carefully consider their investment goals and risk

Bullion coin

also referred to as a specie, is a coin crafted from exceptionally pure precious metals, primarily for the purpose of retaining its intrinsic value or as an investment, rather than for regular commercial transactions. Bullion coins are characterized by their precise weight and purity, both indicated on the coin itself. Unlike bullion rounds, which are typically produced by private mints, bullion coins are minted by government mints and possess a legal tender face value. The level of purity in bullion coins can range from 91.9% (22 karat) to an exceptional 99.99% purity (24 karat).

For value-added tax (VAT) exemption in the United Kingdom, investment coins are more specifically defined as coins minted after 1800, possessing a purity of no less than 900 thousandths and being, or having been, recognized as legal tender in their country of origin. In accordance with United States law, any “coins” failing to meet the last of these criteria are not considered coins at all and must be marketed as “rounds.”

Bullion coins are typically sold at a premium above the metal’s market price on commodities exchanges. Several factors contribute to this premium, including the relatively small size of the coins and the expenses related to their production, storage, and distribution. The premium can vary depending on the type and weight of the coin, as well as the particular precious metal it contains. Additionally, the premium is influenced by the prevailing demand in the market. In certain cases, the numismatic value of a bullion coin may directly impact its price.

The American Eagle and Canadian Maple Leaf series are notable examples of bullion coins available in gold, silver, platinum, and palladium.

Investing in gold coins can be an effective strategy for diversifying your investment portfolio. However, not all gold coins are created equal. It is crucial to conduct thorough research before making any investment decisions. Here, we present five of the top gold bullion coins suitable for investment purposes to assist you in making informed choices for your portfolio:

  1. British Gold Britannia
  • Produced by The Royal Mint in the UK, the Britannia Bullion Coin is known for its exceptional security features.
  • Minted in 24 carats with a fineness of 999.9, ensuring high purity.
  • Contains 1 troy ounce of gold (equivalent to 31.1035 grams).
  • Exempt from VAT and Capital Gains Tax.
  • Available in fractional sizes.
  1. Gold Sovereign
  • Produced by The Royal Mint with over 500 years of history.
  • Struck in 22 carat gold with precision to five decimal places.
  • Each coin undergoes an extensive production process to meet strict bullion standards.
  • Historically, their value tends to increase over time, especially limited editions.
  • In honor of The Queen’s Platinum Jubilee 2022.
  1. Royal Tudor Beasts – Lion of England
  • Features the Lion of England, a majestic creature guarding Hampton Court Palace.
  • Part of the Royal Tudor Beasts collection and struck in 999.9 fine gold.
  • One-ounce gold coin that is highly collectible and historically appreciates in value.
  • Exempt from VAT and Capital Gains Tax.
  1. South African Gold Krugerrand
  • A favorite among gold investors, this iconic South African coin features a springbok antelope.
  • Recognized worldwide, it accounts for more ounces of gold than other bullion coins.
  • First coin to establish the concept of gold as legal tender.
  • VAT-free investment option.
  1. Canadian Gold Maple Leaf
  • Known for its innovative and iconic design featuring a detailed maple leaf.
  • Struck with .9999 fine gold.
  • Highly popular in Canada and internationally due to its security features and exquisite design.
  • VAT-free investment choice.

Investing in gold coins can provide stability and diversification to your investment portfolio, but it’s important to consider the specific features and history of each coin before making your investment decision.

Types of Gold Coins.

There are basically two categories of gold coins: bullion and numismatic. The former is what investors should be looking at. The numismatic coins are generally for collectors. They tend to be old and specialty type pieces. Sometimes, their value may be substantially higher than actual gold bullion. However, the problem with them is finding a buyer. Because they are specialty items, they are not exactly easily used as legal tender, if at all.

  • You can avoid graded coins if you’re only interest in stacking bullion.
  • High price of both silver and gold have made prices of even common coins high for collectors.
  • Because of the premium Pre-33 coins are collector coins.
  • bullion grade pieces because it is very easy to sell.
  • When you sell, most dealers are unconcerned about collecter premiums. With any luck you will get spot price or slightly higher than spot.

Some of the prominent bullion coins include:

Which gold coin is best to buy, 22k or 24k?

The choice between 22K and 24K gold is a topic of passionate debate. Some collectors, like myself, are drawn to the practicality and appearance of 22K gold coins. They are not only durable but also possess a unique historical charm, reminding us of coins once used in everyday commerce, such as the beloved Krugerrand and larger foreign coins like the 100 Corona and 50 Peso. It’s a matter of personal preference, and for those undecideds, opting for the more popular choice might be the way to go.

The debate between 22K and 24K gold often leads to regional considerations. Many collectors advocate for buying gold coins that represent their region. For instance, Americans favor American Gold Eagles, while Britons lean toward Sovereigns or Britannias.

When deciding between 22k and 24k gold coins, it is important to consider several factors.

  • 24k gold coins are 99.99% pure gold and weigh precisely 1 troy ounce. However, they are softer and more delicate, making them less durable and more susceptible to scratches and other forms of damage. They are also more expensive than 22k or 18k gold and are suitable for investment purposes and not for making jewelry as they are too delicate.
  • On the other hand, 22k gold coins are approximately 91.67% pure gold, with the remainder composed of other precious or semi-precious metals. They weigh about 1.1 troy ounces, ensuring the presence of a full troy ounce of gold in every coin. They are harder than 24k gold as they are mixed with other metals like zinc, copper, and silver, making them more durable and scratch-resistant. They are also cheaper than 24k gold and make a good investment instrument that can yield good returns. They are more suitable for making jewelry as they are malleable.

Ultimately, the decision to invest in 22k or 24k gold coins will depend on personal preference and investment goals. However, given its high purity level, 24k gold is generally considered a better investment option than 22k gold. On the other hand, 24K gold coins, exemplified by the Gold Buffalo, boast unparalleled purity, often reaching .9999 fineness. Their shimmering, untarnished surfaces are captivating, although some collectors find them too polished. The American Gold Eagle, famous for its classic St. Gaudens design, is another popular choice in this category.

In terms of practicality, some argue that it’s irrelevant whether you choose 22K or 24K gold, as both are valued based on gold content. However, the durability of 22K coins can be appealing, as they are less prone to scratches and scuffs.

The durability of 22K gold surpasses that of pure gold.

In essence, 22K gold is composed of 91.67% pure gold, blended with other metals, primarily copper, and sometimes silver or a combination of both. American gold eagles incorporate both copper and silver in their alloy, while the South African Krugerrand relies on copper for its composition. Which was particularly vital during the era when gold coins were actively used for transactions. While this isn’t as crucial today, the alloy still offers certain advantages. It upholds a tradition dating back centuries, exemplified by coins like the British Sovereign. For many, this tradition symbolizes integrity, rooted in centuries of trust. Moreover, if you envision a scenario where gold could regain prominence as a circulating currency or if you prefer to hold your coins outside of a protective holder, 22K gold remains an appealing choice. When you stack coins in a tube, you’ll discover that 22K gold coins are also larger. This may sound counterintuitive, but it’s true. Due to their alloyed composition, they have greater weight. Consequently, when you invest in a 22K gold coin, you essentially acquire the full measure of pure gold, with the added benefit of the included silver, making it a cost-effective choice.

In contrast, 24K gold coins are pure to the utmost decimal precision.

While they might be considered “soft” in terms of metals, they exhibit durability if handled with care. Currently, 24K gold coins appear to enjoy greater popularity, although this trend could shift over time.

It is worth reiterating, as others have emphasized, that all one troy ounce gold coins, whether it’s the Maple, the Eagle, the Philharmonic, the Krugerrand, or the Britannia, unequivocally contain exactly one troy ounce of pure gold. The slight variation in weight in 22K gold coins is merely a reflection of the additional metals integrated into their composition. Seasoned gold bullion buyers are well-acquainted with the distinction between 24K and 22K gold. While the appeal of specific coins may fluctuate, the consistent factor remains that one troy ounce gold coins uniformly hold one troy ounce of gold, regardless of their Karat purity.

List of bullion coins by country.

Understanding Bullion Coins: Bullion coins have a rich history spanning millennia, initially serving as primary currency but now assuming roles as collectibles and investment assets within the international fiat currency system. Collectors prize bullion coins for their rarity and visual appeal, often driving their value above the intrinsic worth of the precious metals they contain, termed “numismatic value.” The value solely tied to their precious metals content is known as the “melt value.”

Key Takeaways:

  1. Bullion coins are physical coins crafted from precious metals, commonly using gold and silver, with occasional use of platinum and palladium.
  2. Investors acquire bullion coins for various purposes, including gift-giving, collecting, and as a hedge against inflation.

Bullion coins, made from precious metals like gold, palladium, platinum, rhodium, and silver, are official legal tender coins issued by governments. These coins are primarily acquired as a means of preserving wealth or as an investment, rather than for everyday commerce.

In the United Kingdom, bullion coins may be labeled as “coins” if they meet specific criteria, including being minted after 1800 and having a minimum fineness of 900 thousandths. In the United States, coins not meeting the legal tender criteria are referred to as “rounds.”

Bullion coins are available in various weights, often as multiples or fractions of 1 troy ounce, with some produced in limited quantities and weighing in kilograms or heavier units.

Investors often turn to bullion coins as a safeguard against inflation, concerned about the fiscal responsibility of governments and the purchasing power of fiat currencies, like the U.S. dollar (USD). This makes bullion coins an attractive investment option, as their value tends to rise when fiat currencies depreciate.

CountryName of bullion coinFinenessWeights options
in troy ounces (ozt)
Significance:Years minted
AustraliaGold Nugget.99991201101412, 1
2, 10, 1 kg

The Gold Perth Kangaroo 1 oz BU is a top choice for investors looking for both aesthetics and value. This coin, with its captivating design representing the Australian outback and culture, is highly sought after by global investors.
The reverse side features a regal adult kangaroo in its natural surroundings, surrounded by native flora, minted to a .9999 fine gold standard, ensuring durability and value. On the obverse, there’s the elegant effigy of Queen Elizabeth II, honoring her enduring relationship with Australia. With a face value of $100 (AUD) and government support, this coin is not just a beautiful piece of Australian history but also a solid investment option.
1986–present
1991–present
AustraliaDragon Rectangular Coin.99991The Dragon Rectangular Coin, minted by the Perth Mint since 2018, is a highly sought-after bullion coin available in both gold and silver versions, each boasting a face value of one Australian dollar and one hundred Australian dollars, respectively. Weighing one troy ounce and composed of 0.9999 fine precious metal, this coin features a striking design, with Queen Elizabeth II’s bust on the obverse and a Chinese dragon with a flaming pearl on the reverse.
Recognized as legal tender in Australia and exempt from Capital Gains Tax, the Dragon Rectangular Coin is prized by collectors and investors for its exceptional design and high level of purity. With a limited annual mintage, it’s a valuable addition to any collection or investment portfolio, embodying a unique blend of traditional coins and bars, making it a reliable investment in the coin market.
2018–present
AustriaVienna Philharmonic.99991251101412, 1The 2024 Gold Austrian Philharmonic Coin, 1 oz BU, is a highly sought-after gold coin in the bullion market. It pays tribute to Austria’s rich musical heritage with a brilliant uncirculated design featuring musical instruments shining brilliantly on the obverse. The reverse spotlights the Great Organ of the Musikverein, where the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra performs.
As legal tender in Austria, this coin carries a face value of €100 (E.U.R.) and is composed of .9999 fine 24-carat gold, making it a valuable addition to any investment portfolio. It not only holds investment value but also serves as a collector’s item. Launched in 1989, the Vienna Philharmonic series was the first European legal tender bullion coin series denominated in Euros, making it an affordable and iconic addition to any collection.
1989–present
CanadaMaple Leaf.9999120115110151412, 1, 100 kgThe Gold Maple Leaf coin from the Royal Canadian Mint, introduced in 1979, holds great significance as a symbol of national pride and identity for Canada. These coins are cherished for their guaranteed weight and purity, reaching up to .99999 fine gold, along with their stunning design. Available in various sizes to cater to the needs of all types of investors, these legal tender Canadian coins have gained global popularity.
The Royal Canadian Mint has a rich history dating back to 1908 when it produced Canada’s first domestically made coin under Governor General Earl Grey. The mint has been refining gold since 1936, producing .999 fine Gold bars, and was the world’s pioneer in manufacturing .999 fine gold bullion coins. The reverse of these coins showcases the iconic maple leaf, while the obverse features a beautiful image of Queen Elizabeth II.
Acquiring these iconic Canadian Gold Maple Leaf coins is an excellent way to enhance your collection.
1979–present
ChinaGold Panda.999(since 2016) 1g, 3g, 5g, 8g, 15g,
30g, 50g, 100g, 150g
The Chinese Gold Panda coin, minted since 1982, is a favored choice among modern gold bullion investors. Initially available in 1 oz gold and three fractional weights, these coins are esteemed for their pure gold content, containing 1/20 Troy oz of .999 pure gold, and backed by the Chinese government at face value in Yuan. The obverse features the striking Temple of Heaven structure, while the reverse showcases a unique Giant Panda image for each year.
Issued by the Chinese Mint under the authority of the People’s Republic of China and the People’s Bank of China, these gold coins have become highly sought-after collectibles. Despite the change from troy ounces to grams for measurement, their popularity remains strong, with a new panda design gracing the reverse side of each coin.
1982–present
IranEmami.9002g, 4g, 8.13gBahār-e Āzādī, also known as “Imami,” is a gold bullion coin issued by the Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran, replacing the Pahlavi Coin after the Iranian Revolution. It has featured various designs, including the Imam Reza Shrine, “Ali” calligraphy, and portraits of Ruhollah Khomeini. These coins come in denominations of ¼, ½, 2½, and 5 Bahar Azadi, with some commemorating significant events like the Islamic Revolution and Khomeini’s birth year.
In 2010, a new edition was introduced, the “One Gerami,” weighing one gram and featuring Khomeini’s portrait on the obverse and Ali’s calligraphy with a Persian legend of the C.B.I. on the reverse.
1980–present
Isle of ManAngel.9991201101412, 1, 5, 10The Angel coin, originating in 1465 during Edward IV’s reign, features Archangel Michael slaying a dragon. Modern gold and silver bullion versions are privately minted in the Isle of Man, having legal tender status but valued primarily for their precious metal content. The reverse showcases a Viking-themed border with the triskele, the Isle of Man’s coat of arms, and a ship flag. Queen Elizabeth II appears in five portraits, with the fifth in use since 2015. The Angel’s design, seen on coins from Ukraine and Russia, has evolved through three initial iterations and featured three unique designs in 2009.1984–present
IsraelJerusalem of Gold Series.99991Israel Coins and Medals Corp., established in 1958 by David Ben Gurion, is the authorized body for issuing official State Medals of Israel and distributing commemorative coins and special banknote issues of the Bank of Israel under an exclusive contract. It serves as an ambassador for Israel, spreading its culture and heritage through these coins and medals. Among its noteworthy releases is the annual Commemorative coin for Israel’s Independence Day. In 2010, the Bank of Israel introduced the “Jerusalem of Gold” bullion coin series, featuring iconic Jerusalem landmarks, with a limited mintage of 3,600 fine gold coins having a face value of 20 New Shekels. While the corporation was wholly government-owned until 2008, it was privatized and acquired by G.R.A.S. Design Combinations Ltd.2010–present
MalaysiaKijang Emas.99991412, 1The Malaysian Kijang Emas is Malaysia’s official gold bullion coin, minted by the Royal Mint with .999 fineness. Introduced in 2001, it comes in RM200, RM100, and RM50 denominations, sold based on international gold market prices. The obverse showcases a barking deer (“kijang”), while the reverse features the hibiscus, Malaysia’s national flower, with denomination and “BANK NEGARA MALAYSIA” in the Jawi script. Malaysia joins 11 other countries with their gold bullion coins, such as Canada, the United States, Australia, and South Africa.2001–present
MaltaMelita.9991101412, 1Since 2018, the Central Bank of Malta, in partnership with Lombard Bank, has introduced the exquisite Melita bullion coins, available in both silver and gold. These coins, recognized as legal tender, are issued in four different euro denominations and display the national personification of Malta, Melita.
The design draws inspiration from the splendid Melita issue postage and revenue stamps, commemorating Malta’s transition to a self-governing colony. On the obverse side, the coins feature Malta’s coat of arms. Each denomination varies in dimensions and weight, with production tailored to demand.
2018–present
MexicoLibertad.9991201101412, 1Libertad Gold coins, minted by La Casa de Moneda de México, the oldest Mint in the Americas dating back to 1535, are Mexican silver and gold bullion coins. These modern coins boast a .999 fineness and come in various sizes. While they lack a face value, they are still recognized as currency and guaranteed by Banco de México based on their precious metal content’s market value. In addition to the bullion version, there are proof and reverse-proof coins tailored for collectors. The coin’s design features the Mexican coat of arms on the obverse and the winged Victoria of the Angel of Independence with Popocatépetl and Iztaccihuatl volcanoes in the background on the reverse. This design symbolizes Mexican identity, culture, and history, with roots in the Aztec deity Huitzilopochtli guiding his people to build their city after spotting an eagle feasting on a snake atop a cactus, forming the basis for the Mexican coat of arms.1991–present
MexicoLibertad.9001412, 1The Mexico Libertad gold coin, introduced in 1981, is a Mexican bullion coin highly regarded for its historical significance and stunning design. Key facts about the 1981-1990 Mexico Libertad gold coin include its distinction as the inaugural release in the 1 oz Gold Libertad Brilliant Uncirculated series. Available in various sizes, including 1 oz and 1/4 oz, the 1 oz coin contains 1.2057 troy ounces of gold with a 90% purity (21.6 karats) and a face value of 50 pesos. The obverse showcases Winged Victory, while the reverse features the Mexican coat of arms with an eagle on a cactus holding a snake. Recognized as legal tender in Mexico and exempt from Capital Gains Tax, the Libertad gold coin is a highly sought-after choice among collectors and investors. It’s a valuable addition to any collection or investment portfolio, earning a reputation as a reliable investment in the coin market.1981–90
MexicoCentenario.9001.20565 (weight 41.67 gr. for 37.5 gr. of pure gold)The Mexico Centenario gold coin, minted in 1921 to commemorate Mexico’s independence centenary, is a Mexican bullion coin. It carries a face value of 50 pesos and contains 1.2057 troy ounces of gold with a purity of 90% (21.6 karats). The obverse features Winged Victory, while the reverse displays the Mexican coat of arms with an eagle on a cactus holding a snake. Highly sought after by collectors and investors for its historical significance and exquisite design, it’s recognized as legal tender in Mexico and is exempt from Capital Gains Tax. The Mexico Centenario gold coin is a valuable addition to collections and investment portfolios.1921–31, 1943–47, 1949–72*, 1996*, 2000-09**dated 1947
New ZealandKiwi.99991101412, 1New Zealand Gold Kiwis are precious bullion coins featuring the iconic Kiwi bird. The Rakiura Tokoeka Kiwi, a rare day-active species, graces these coins, making them a collector’s gem. While not minted by an official government mint, they are backed by both the government of New Zealand and the Mayer Mint Germany, ensuring their purity and value. The obverse portrays Queen Elizabeth II, who is also the Queen of New Zealand. The charming design on the reverse showcases the Rakiura Tokoeka Kiwi on a picturesque beach in Rakiura, celebrating the natural beauty and cultural significance of New Zealand.1990–present
PolandOrzeł bielik (Polish White-tailed Eagle).99991101412, 1
In 1995, Poland introduced the Gold Bald Eagle coin as part of the Orzeł Bielik series of gold coins. This non-circulating coin had a limited mintage of 3,000 and was produced until 2017, with a few exceptions. The coin is renowned for its high purity, containing .9999 gold. It comes in denominations of 50, 100, and 200 Złotych and features a stunning depiction of the white-tailed bald eagle. The National Bank of Poland is the exclusive issuer of this exquisite coin, and it is exempt from sales tax or V.A.T. when traded.
1995–present
except for
2001, 2003 and 2005
RussiaGeorge the Victorious.9997.89gThe Central Bank of the Russian Federation is known for producing commemorative and investment-grade coins made from precious metals. One of their notable offerings is the Russian St George the Victorious gold bullion coin, highly favored by collectors. This coin is minted with .999 gold and weighs 0.2537 troy ounces, featuring a remarkable design.
On the obverse, you’ll find the symbol of the Central Bank of Russia, a double-headed eagle with protruding tongues. On the reverse side, there is the iconic depiction of Saint George and the Dragon, a creation by the esteemed artist and sculptor A.V. Baklanov. It is a rare and precious piece of Russian cultural heritage. While a new half-ounce gold coin is on the horizon, the Gold George may never be produced again, making it a unique and valuable addition to any collection.
2006–present
SingaporeLion.99991201101412, 11990-2002
SomaliaElephant.999150125, 1, 5Introducing the 2004 Gold Somalia Elephant coin, a precious addition to the African Wildlife Elephant series by the Bavarian State Mint. This coin features a majestic African bush elephant in a savannah setting. The obverse displays Somalia’s coat of arms with leopards on either side. Crafted with .999 fine gold, it’s a masterpiece and sought after by collectors worldwide. Don’t miss your chance to own a piece of this prestigious series.2004–present
South AfricaKrugerrand.91671201101412, 1
The South Africa Gold Krugerrand BU coin continues the legacy of Krugerrand bullion excellence. This gold coin, with a half-century history, remains a strong investment choice and is globally renowned as one of the top 5 gold bullion coins. It boasts an iconic and historically significant design, making it a true masterpiece.
On the obverse, you’ll find a distinctive left-facing portrait of Paul Kruger, the first president of the Republic of South Africa, known for his iconic beard style. The Krugerrand holds the distinction of being the first modern gold bullion coin and the world’s first 1 oz gold coin. Despite not having a specified face value, it is the only government-issued bullion coin accepted as legal tender. The reverse side, designed by sculptor Coert Steynberg, features the elegant springbok antelope, a symbol of South Africa’s wildlife. Don’t miss the chance to own this elegant and iconic coin.
1967–present
SpainIberian Lynx.99991The 2021 Spanish Iberian Lynx BU coin is a rare and exquisite tribute to the endangered wild cat species native to Spain and Portugal. With a limited mintage of 50,000, this coin contains 1/10 troy oz of 999.9 fine gold and is legal tender in Spain. The obverse displays the Pillars of Hercules and intricate inscriptions, while the reverse features a detailed Iberian lynx. It’s a must-have coin, celebrating Spanish history and the unique beauty of its wildlife.2021-Present
UkraineArchangel Michael.99991101412, 1The Ukrainian Gold Archangel Michael Coins, known for their magnificent beauty and rare craftsmanship, have been produced in limited quantities since 2011. Highly sought after by investors and collectors, these coins are a valuable addition to any portfolio.
Crafted in .999 pure gold, each coin features the image of Saint Michael, the esteemed leader of God’s army, on the obverse. The reverse displays the meticulously engraved coat of arms of Ukraine by the National Bank of Ukraine. Available in Brilliant, Uncirculated condition and various weights to suit your investment preferences, these Ukrainian Gold Archangel Michael coins are not just an investment but also hold significant historical importance.
2011–2018
United KingdomSovereign.91670.2354The Sovereign, a British gold coin with a £1 nominal value, contains 0.2354 troy oz of pure gold. First minted in 1489 during Henry VII’s reign, it was historically the largest and most valuable gold coin. Today, it is both a bullion coin and a jewelry item, known for its precision and quality, earning it the title of the “chief coin of the world.” The design has remained classic over the years, with the reigning monarch on the obverse and St. George slaying the dragon on the reverse. Available as a 1 pound and ½ pound gold coin, with £2 and £5 Sovereign versions. The Royal Mint sells gold Sovereigns directly to the public, and as legal tender, it is exempt from capital gains tax for UK residents.1887–1932
1949–52 (dated 1925)
1957–59
1962–68
1974, 1976, 1978–82
2000–present
United KingdomBritannia.91671101412, 1The 1987-2012 Britannia gold coin, issued by the Royal Mint, is a British gold bullion coin. It has a face value of £100 and contains one troy ounce of 22-karat gold (91.7% gold purity). Featuring the iconic figure of Britannia on the reverse and Queen Elizabeth II’s portrait on the obverse, the Britannia gold coin comes in various sizes, including one-ounce and quarter-ounce options. It’s eligible for inclusion in Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs) and serves as a valuable addition to investment portfolios. As British legal tender, it is exempt from Capital Gains Tax and VAT. The Britannia gold coin is renowned for its reliability and is a trusted choice in the coin market.1987–2012
United KingdomBritannia.9999140 1201101412, 1The 2023 Gold Royal Mint Britannia King Charles III coin is a regal addition to your collection, honoring Britain’s newest monarch, King Charles III. It features a guilloché security pattern on the obverse and the iconic figure of Britannia on the reverse, with four anti-counterfeiting security features. Inscribed with “BRITANNIA . 2023 . 1 oz 999 FINE Gold” on the rim, this government-backed sovereign coin ensures authenticity and value. 2013–present
United StatesGold Eagle.91671101412, 1
The 2023 American Gold Eagle BU Type 2 is a highly appreciated and stable gold bullion coin known for its stunning design. It features Lady Liberty on the obverse, holding a torch and olive branch, while the reverse showcases a powerful bald eagle. Introduced in 1986, it quickly became a favorite among investors and collectors, symbolizing American values. Backed by the U.S. government, it’s a safe and reliable investment that holds historical and cultural significance. Invest in the 2023 1 oz American Gold Eagle BU Type 2 to secure a piece of history and a timeless asset for your future.
1986–present
United StatesAmerican Buffalo.99991The American Buffalo gold coin, introduced by the United States Mint in 2006, is a 24-karat bullion coin that closely follows the design of the Indian Head nickel, featuring an American Bison on the reverse. It marked the first time the U.S. Government minted pure (.9999) 24-karat gold coins for the public, containing one troy ounce of pure gold with a face value of US$50. Known for its striking design, high purity, and investment value, it’s eligible for IRAs and is a valuable addition to investment portfolios. As legal tender, it’s exempt from Capital Gains Tax and VAT. This highly sought-after coin has earned a reputation as a reliable investment in the coin market, making it an attractive choice for collectors and investors alike.2006–present

World gold Coin Sizes and thickness.

American gold CoinsDiameterThickness
Cent19.101.50
1/10 oz Gold Eagle $516.511.27
$2.50 Gold Indian Head17.781.14
$2.50 Gold Liberty Head17.981.27
Dime18.001.20
$3.00 Gold Princess20.701.02
Nickel21.102.00
$5.00 Gold Indian Head21.591.40
$5.00 Gold Liberty Head21.591.59
1/4 oz Gold Eagle $1022.021.65
Quarter24.101.70
$10.00 Gold Indian Head26.912.03
$10.00 Gold Liberty Head26.992.03
1/2 oz Gold Eagle $2527.002.18
Half Dollar30.502.10
1 oz Gold Eagle $5032.692.84
$20.00 Gold Piece34.302.41
Silver Dollar38.202.80
1 oz Silver Eagle40.603.05
Sacagawea Golden Dollar26.502.00
Austrian gold CoinsDiameterThickness
1 Gold Ducat20.010.80
2 Gold Ducat39.550.76
1/10 oz Gold Philharmonic16.001.20
1/4 oz Gold Philharmonic22.001.20
1/2 oz Gold Philharmonic28.001.60
1 oz Gold Philharmonic37.002.0
Chinese CoinsDiameterThickness
1/20 oz Gold Panda13.941.14
1/10 oz Gold Panda17.961.02
1/4 oz Gold Panda21.942.05
1/2 oz Gold Panda26.942.59
1 oz Gold Panda32.053.18
1/20 oz Gold Unicorn14.00
1/10 oz Gold Unicorn18.00
1/4 oz Gold Unicorn22.00
Isle of Man & Gibraltar CoinsDiameter
1/25 Gold Cat, Cherub or Dog13.970.66
1/10 Gold Cat, Cherub or Dog17.960.94
1/5 Gold Cat, Cherub or Dog21.971.30
1/2 Gold Cat, Cherub or Dog30.021.80
1 Gold Cat, Cherub or Dog32.442.41
Mexican CoinsDiameterThickness
2 Peso Gold13.001.02
2.5 Peso Gold15.60.86
5 Peso Gold19.051.14
10 Peso Gold22.501.40
20 Peso Gold27.432.03
50 Peso Gold37.082.69
Australian gold CoinsDiameterThickness
1/20 oz Gold Kangaroo13.910.81
1/10 oz Gold Kangaroo15.951.22
1/4 oz Gold Kangaroo19.991.78
1/2 oz Gold Kangaroo25.222.29
1 oz Gold Kangaroo31.992.64
1/20 oz Gold Lunar Series13.910.81
1/10 oz Gold Lunar Series15.951.22
1/4 oz Gold Lunar Series19.991.78
1/2 oz Gold Lunar Series25.222.29
1 oz Gold Lunar Series31.992.64
1/10 oz Platinum Koala16.031.14
1/4 oz Platinum Koala20.041.63
1/2 oz Platinum Koala24.941.98
1 oz Platinum Koala32.002.34
Canadian CoinsDiameterThickness
1/20 oz Gold Maple Leaf14.150.79
1/10 oz Gold Maple Leaf16.051.14
1/4 oz Gold Maple Leaf19.751.70
1/2 oz Gold Maple Leaf25.122.24
1 oz Gold Maple Leaf30.002.79
English gold CoinsDiameterThickness
1/2 Sovereign19.220.99
1 Sovereign22.021.52

How common are fake gold coins?

The proliferation of fake gold coins has emerged as a growing concern in the market, a disconcerting trend that is underscored by alarming statistics. According to NBC News, counterfeit gold and silver coins are infiltrating the market at an astonishing rate, posing a substantial challenge for both collectors and dealers alike.

For future purchases, it’s advisable to only buy from reputable online gold sellers like APMEX, SDBullion, or JMBullion, as they have solid reputations and are less likely to sell counterfeit items.

It’s essential to distinguish between two types of fakes when dealing with precious metal coins: bullion fakes and numismatic fakes. Bullion fakes were relatively straightforward to detect until 2000 because coins made primarily of gold cannot be economically replicated in terms of thickness, diameter, and weight with any other material like copper or steel, but yet HQ tungsten fake are circulating. Numismatic fakes, on the other hand, are more challenging since they target the collector’s value rather than the intrinsic value of the metal. These fakes may involve altering dates or mintmarks on genuine coins to deceive collectors, requiring greater vigilance when assessing numismatic pieces.

What makes these counterfeits even more insidious is their increasing quality; even seasoned coin experts may struggle to immediately discern a fake from the real deal. The deceptive nature of these counterfeit coins lies in their construction, with many being crafted from base metals like tungsten, cleverly plated with a thin layer of gold to pass the acid test used to identify genuine gold. These forgeries are so meticulously crafted that they often match the weight of authentic coins, making detection an even more daunting task. Experts have identified China as a major source of these counterfeit coins, as lax enforcement of counterfeit laws and a thriving underground market for fake goods fuel their production. Notably, some of the most commonly counterfeited gold coins include Chinese gold pandas, krugerrand, $20 Liberty Head gold coins, and St. Gaudens gold coins. Consumers are advised to exercise extreme caution and purchase gold coins exclusively from reputable dealers. Should one suspect the authenticity of a coin, it is advisable to seek professional evaluation to safeguard against the growing threat of counterfeit coins in circulation.

When it comes to purchasing coins crafted from precious metals, there are crucial factors to consider.

Buying from a trusted local coin shop or a reputable online dealer offers a strong shield against the worry of encountering counterfeit coins. Likewise, if you explore coin-related forums like r/coins4sale on Reddit, you should be in good hands as long as you choose sellers with a solid track record of positive feedback. However, it’s wise to avoid overly obscure sources in a quest to save a few dollars, as that can increase the risk of encountering fake coins. The prevalence of fake gold, and even silver, in circulation is indeed a concern, but sources like JM Bullion maintain a high level of trustworthiness.

If you’ve purchased a non-government minted gold round online and have concerns about its authenticity, there are a few steps you can take.

First, consider taking it to your local coin shop (LCS) and have them perform a sigma test to verify its legitimacy. Another option is to acquire gold test acid and conduct a scratch test, although the sigma test at an LCS is generally more reliable. When it comes to using rare earth magnets for testing, it’s effective for silver but not recommended for gold due to the potential presence of tungsten fakes. Gold can often be alloyed with silver, rendering the magnet test less conclusive.”

Notably, US reputable dealers such as Apmex, JM Bullion, and SD Bullion are generally reliable, offering a safe haven for buyers. On the flip side, there is a need for caution when dealing with platforms like eBay, Craigslist, or dubious websites, where counterfeit gold coins occasionally find their way into unsuspecting hands. Coin shops hold their own in terms of reliability since they can rigorously test coins before any transactions.

How can I tell if a gold coin is fake?

There are several ways to tell if a gold coin is fake. Here are some methods mentioned in my guide

  1. Ping test: The ping test is a common method for detecting counterfeit gold coins. Strike the coin against a hard surface or another gold coin and listen to the sound it makes. Real gold coins will produce a distinct ringing sound, while fake coins will produce a dull thud.
  2. Weight and size test: Gold is one of the densest metals on earth, so if a gold coin is significantly larger or lighter than it should be, it may be a fake. You can compare the weight and size of the coin to a genuine gold coin to determine if it is rea
  3. To ensure the authenticity of your coins, you can turn to Local Coin Shops (LCS) equipped with Sigma machines for testing. While it’s not recommended to request free testing, you can consider purchasing a few rounds from them and then politely inquire about testing your coins. This way, you can have your coins authenticated while also adding some silver to your collection.

FAQs

Can a fake gold coin look exactly like a real one??

Yes, a fake gold coin can look exactly like a real one. Counterfeiters are becoming more sophisticated, and they can produce fake coins that are difficult to distinguish from real ones. However, there are several methods that can be used to detect fake gold coins, such as the ping test, weight and size test. It’s important to purchase gold coins from reputable dealers and to have them evaluated by a professional if you suspect they may be fak

How to simply check the authenticity of a coin?

ran a few simple tests:

  1. Weight: It feels quite dense.
  2. Sound: I tried tapping it with a pen and my finger, and it produced thud-like sounds.
  3. Magnetic: It appears to be non-magnetic.

Given these observations, are there any significant red flags that raise doubts about the authenticity of the coin at this point

How can I contact you?

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Do you provide support?

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gold bar

A gold bar, also known as gold bullion or gold ingot, represents a refined quantity of metallic gold with various shapes, meeting standardized conditions in its manufacture, labeling, and record keeping. Larger gold bars created by pouring molten metal into molds are termed ingots, while smaller bars are often made through minting or stamping appropriately rolled gold sheets. The standard gold bar held as a reserve asset by central banks and commonly traded among bullion dealers is the 400-troy-ounce Good Delivery gold bar, weighing 438.9 ounces (27.4 pounds or 12.4 kilograms). Kilobars, weighing 1,000 grams (32.15 troy ounces), and 100-troy ounce gold bars are more manageable and extensively used for trading and investment. The premium on these bars is typically minimal compared to the spot value of gold, making them ideal for swift transfers between banks and traders. Most kilobars have a flat shape, although some investors in Europe prefer the brick-like form.

Gold bars can be categorized based on their manufacturing methods, falling into two primary categories: cast bars and minted bars. Cast bars result from pouring molten gold into a mold, which may lead to irregularities and a unique appearance. They are usually more affordable than minted bars due to quicker production and less handling. Minted bars, on the other hand, are created from cut gold blanks with smooth and even surfaces.

To ensure the authenticity of gold bars and deter counterfeiting or theft, manufacturers employ various security features. These may include registered serial numbers, certificates of authenticity, or hologram security features like Kinegrams embossed directly on the bars.

Gold is measured in troy ounces, with one troy ounce equaling approximately 31.1034768 grams. The standard gold bar used for international trade is the Good Delivery bar, weighing 400 troy ounces (12.4 kilograms) with a gold purity requirement of at least 99.5%. Gold bars must be stored in secure gold bullion vaults to maintain their Good Delivery status, which ensures integrity and maximum resale value.

Gold bars worldwide vary in characteristics and features, depending on their intended use, such as for jewelry, industrial applications, or investment. Different regions and manufacturers may produce gold bars with distinctive attributes. Additionally, gold bars can be categorized into investment bars, unwrought bars, and ornamental bars, each serving different purposes within the industry.

ManufacturerBar sizes
GramsOuncesTaelsTolas
122.551020501002505001k110141212.55101004001123510
Baird & Co.🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🔴🟢🟢🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴
Emirates Gold🟢🔴🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🔴🔴🟢🔴🔴🟢🟢🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴
Heraeus🟢🟢🔴🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🔴🔴🔴🟢🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴
Metalor🟢🟢🔴🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🔴🔴🔴🟢🔴🔴🔴🔴🟢🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴
PAMP🟢🔴🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🟢🟢🔴🟢🔴🔴🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢
Perth Mint🟢🔴🔴🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🔴🔴🟢🔴🔴🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🔴🟢🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴
Royal Ca. Mint🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🟢🔴🔴🔴🟢🔴🟢🟢🟢🟢🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴
Royal Mint🟢🔴🔴🟢🟢🔴🔴🟢🔴🟢🟢🔴🔴🔴🟢🔴🔴🔴🔴🟢🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴
Umicore🟢🔴🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🔴🔴🔴🟢🔴🔴🔴🔴🟢🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴
Valcambi🟢🔴🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🔴🔴🔴🟢🔴🔴🔴🔴🟢🔴🔴🔴🔴🟢🟢
UBS🟢🟢🔴🟢🟢🔴🟢🟢🟢🟢🟢🔴🔴🔴🟢🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴

Gold bars are categorized into two main types based on their manufacturing process: cast and minted bars. These bars, regardless of their shape, are produced by recognized manufacturers and are typically sold at a slight premium above the intrinsic value of their gold content. Markings on gold bars typically include the manufacturer’s name, bar weight, gold purity, and a unique serial number.

Characteristics of gold bars can vary widely, with features such as variable weights and purities, design motifs on minted bars, and serial numbers on cast bars. Minted bars generally have smooth surfaces, while cast bars often exhibit unevenness due to the casting process.

  • Cast gold bars are usually made by melting gold in a crucible and pouring it into molds or by melting gold granules in a furnace and then shaping them in appropriate molds. Some cast bars have an inclined or tapered shape, and the top surface is smooth while the base and sides may be rough. They can come in various shapes, including rod, round, or square.
  • Minted gold bars are typically cut from cast bars that have been rolled to a uniform thickness. These bars have smooth and even surfaces and are often created in shapes like rectangular, round, square, or oval. Minted “pendant” bars, designed with hooks or hangers for wearability, are also produced.

In some regions, minted gold bars may be referred to as ingots or coins when they have a round shape.

How to Identify Investment Grade Gold Bars?

Identifying investment grade gold bars is straightforward. These bars share key features, such as a specific shape, weight, and purity required for investment-grade classification. Every bar should prominently display the name and emblem of the sovereign mint or refinery. Larger bars must have a unique serial number, which serves as proof of authenticity and helps prevent counterfeiting.

Respected mints and refineries adhere to rigorous standards, allowing their gold bars to be conveniently traded on the global market. Some of the most renowned mints include:

  • Argor Heraeus
  • Engelhard
  • Credit Suisse
  • Johnson Matthey
  • Metalor
  • MKS Pamp
  • Perth Mint
  • Royal Canadian Mint
  • Umicore
  • Valcambi

At GoldCore, we exclusively deal in gold bars crafted by London Bullion Market Association (LBMA) approved refineries and government mints. This ensures authenticity, competitive pricing, and liquidity.

How Much Does a Gold Bar Weigh?

Gold bars come in various sizes, including:

  • 1 oz
  • 100g
  • 250g
  • 10 oz
  • 500g
  • 1 kilo
  • 100 oz
  • 400 oz (London Good Delivery Bars)

Among these, the most prevalent form is the London Good Delivery bar, individually weighing 400 oz. These bars are accumulated and traded by investors, banks, and governments. They feature a unique serial number, the mint or refinery’s name and emblem, and purity markings.

While gold coins are more common, buying gold bars is a convenient way to invest in physical gold, especially for bulk purchases by investors, companies, and institutions interested in investment-grade gold.

How Much Is a Gold Bar Worth?

The price of gold can be calculated easily, but, like any investment, it continually fluctuates. To ascertain the current value of gold, monitoring its market price is essential.

Several factors influence the value of a gold bar, including:

  • Gold Spot Price: This represents the wholesale price at which 400 oz gold bars (London Good Delivery Bars) are traded internationally between banks. Private investors typically pay a premium over the spot price. Gold bars have lower premiums than gold coins, given their quicker and simpler production process, and dealers usually charge lower premiums for larger bars.
  • Gold Content: As per the London Good Delivery List, administered by the London Bullion Market Association (LBMA), investment-grade gold bars must have a minimum fineness of 995.0 parts of fine gold per thousand. Thus, higher gold content equates to greater value for the gold bullion bar.
  • Investor Demand: The purest bars are the most sought after and can command a higher premium. Imbalances in supply and demand can influence the premiums at which gold bars are traded.
  • Weight: A gold bar’s worth is inherently influenced by its weight, where more significant weight translates to a higher value.

In general, calculating a gold bar’s actual value is a matter of multiplying the current gold spot price by the weight of the pure gold content. For additional information, you can explore our blog post titled “How Much Is a Gold Bar Worth?”.

Do gold bars have serial numbers?

Yes, gold bars have serial numbers. The serial number is usually engraved directly onto the bar itself and can be used to determine which mint or manufacturer produced the gold bar. The serial number also allows people to identify, verify, and track gold bars, providing an extra level of security and helping to prevent counterfeiting. Each gold bar features the following mint markings: serial numbers, weight, purity, and manufacturer.

Some mints and refineries maintain databases of serial numbers to help verify the authenticity of gold bars. All bars over 250g should have a serial number on them, and this serial number helps an assay office authenticate the gold bullion. Generally, this serial number will be on your invoice, so it can be traced back to your dealer. It’s important to note that the production of bars of gold is registered with the relevant assayer, and a serial number is recorded. However, there does not need to be a register of private buyers.

What is the purpose of serial numbers on gold bars?

Why Are Gold Bars Assigned Serial Numbers? In compliance with legal mandates, all producers of precious metals are obligated to imprint serial numbers on every gold bar intended for the market, regardless of its size or shape. This practice can be likened to the authentication measures employed in the realms of designer handbags and exquisite jewelry. Much like how one might scrutinize the authenticity of a Louis Vuitton purse or a Rolex timepiece, the inclusion of serial numbers on gold bars serves as an additional layer of security, acting as a deterrent to counterfeiting.

Typically, these serial numbers are etched directly onto the surface of the gold bar itself, offering a means to identify the mint or manufacturer responsible for its creation. This alphanumeric code plays a crucial role in enabling individuals to not only recognize and validate the legitimacy of gold bars but also to trace their origins. In accordance with legal stipulations, each gold bar, irrespective of its dimensions or configuration, must undergo mandatory marking and serialization prior to its introduction into the market.

The serial number, composed of a combination of letters and numbers, effectively pinpoints the specific refinery that fashioned the gold bar. It constitutes one of the several distinct marks found on each ingot, alongside indicators denoting weight, purity, and manufacturer. Moreover, the serial number assumes the role of an authentication mechanism for gold bullion, aiding assay offices in their efforts to verify the authenticity of such precious metal.

The inclusion of a unique serial number serves the purpose of simplifying the process for buyers who seek to identify, verify, and trace the lineage of a gold bar. In contrast, gold coins, while not subject to specific numbering requirements, possess their own set of distinctive markings and characteristics that render them easily distinguishable from counterfeit counterparts.

What is the minimum weight of a gold bar that requires a serial number?

The minimum weight of a gold bar that requires a serial number is 250 grams or 8.038 troy ounces. All bars over 250g should have a serial number on them, and this serial number helps an assay office authenticate the gold bullion. The serial number is usually engraved directly onto the bar itself and can be used to determine which mint or manufacturer produced the gold bar.

The Valcambi Gold 250 Gram Cast Bar is a rectangular-shaped gold bar with a size of 33.00 x 60.00 mm. It has a net weight of 250.00 g and a fine weight of 249.98 g (8.037 oz). The bar is made of .9999 fine gold and has a unique serial number consisting of 2 letters and 5 numbers. The obverse of the bar features the Valcambi Suisse logo, the bar’s weight, assayer’s emblem, and the bar’s unique serial number.

The serial number also allows people to identify, verify, and track gold bars, providing an extra level of security and helping to prevent counterfeiting. It’s important to note that the production of bars of gold is registered with the relevant assayer, and a serial number is recorded. However, there does not need to be a register of private buyers.

Ensuring the Authenticity of Gold Bars: What You Need to Know

Authentic gold bars typically bear serial numbers, and in many cases, they come accompanied by a certificate from the mint. It is of utmost importance to safeguard the bar certificate, especially if the gold bar is not securely affixed. Gold dealers follow rigorous procedures, invoicing buyers and maintaining meticulous records, although these records are not accessible to the public. To ensure a smooth and secure transaction, it is highly advisable to sell your gold bars through a reputable gold dealer. In the United Kingdom, it is recommended to exclusively engage with gold brokers who hold membership in the British Numismatic Trade Association (BNTA).

Some gold bars incorporate additional safeguards against counterfeiting, such as the inclusion of a UPC or barcode that can be scanned to verify their authenticity. Unsurprisingly, prudent investors exercise great caution when contemplating the purchase of unmarked bullion, as the risk of acquiring counterfeit bars is a significant concern.

Should you find yourself in possession of gold bars or other precious metals lacking official markings or serial numbers, it is prudent to consider seeking authentication from a qualified expert. For instance, you may opt to subject your bullion to assessments of gold fineness, purity, weight, and other pertinent factors as part of the validation process.

While some banks in the US sell gold and other metals, it is not common and their selection is limited. It is more common to buy gold from reputable precious metals companies online or over the phone. However, some US banks do sell gold bars and coins as well as silver coins, but their inventories typically don’t measure up to the size and variety of inventory found at precious metals companies and other sellers.

If you want to buy gold from a bank.

it is important to contact your local branch first to ensure the asset is there for purchasing and you may need to schedule an appointment at a later date to make the purchase. If you want to buy gold bars, you can buy them from licensed online dealers in the bullion market. 

In the United States, select banks offer the sale of gold bars and coins, including silver coins, providing an option preferred by investors seeking the oversight of a federally regulated institution. However, it’s important to note that the range of choices might be more limited compared to online retailers. To identify a bank selling gold, you can reach out to your local bank branch, although it’s worth mentioning that most physical bank locations don’t typically keep precious metals readily available due to lower demand and fluctuating prices. Therefore, it’s advisable to contact your local branch beforehand to verify the availability of the asset for purchase, and you might need to schedule an appointment for the actual transaction.

Curious about purchasing gold with Chase?

You certainly can. By establishing a connection between your credit card or Chase bank account and a reputable third-party exchange platform like eToro, you can seamlessly acquire gold. The process involves linking your Chase funds to the exchange, enabling you to partake in gold trading activities. Wondering about safety? Opting for regulated brokerages like eToro ensures a secure buying experience. Furthermore, there are diverse approaches to acquiring gold, each offering its own advantages. You can engage in trading gold Contracts for Difference (CFDs), invest in gold Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs), or even buy stocks from gold-related enterprises such as mining companies. These avenues allow you to benefit from gold speculation without the complexities of direct ownership.

Interested in acquiring gold through Morgan Stanley?

You have several avenues available. For physical gold, Morgan Stanley allows investors to purchase gold bars, coins, and gold-minted American Eagle coins as part of their brokerage account or retirement account. This involves linking your Morgan Stanley funds to a third-party holding the physical gold, and storage fees may apply. Another option is investing in gold funds that own the metal, either through mutual funds or exchange-traded funds (ETFs), which offer exposure to gold’s value while passing on the cost of holding physical supply to investors. Alternatively, you can explore equity in gold mining companies by purchasing individual stocks or participating in funds. However, these stocks tend to be more volatile than physical gold, although they do correlate with its price. If you’re looking to implement a hedge, consider that gold prices historically rise when bond yields, adjusted for inflation, fall. While gold may not be a long-term strategic investment, it can be a worthwhile component in a diversified portfolio. It’s essential to consult your Morgan Stanley Financial Advisor to determine which approach best suits your portfolio.

Some well-known precious metals dealers that sell gold and silver bars include JM Bullion, APMEX, Provident Metals, Westminster Mint, and Money Metals Exchange. It is advisable to buy gold bars rather than gold coins if you anticipate selling, since gold coins can command a higher premium that may be hard to recoup. One payment method for buying gold and silver is through bank wires, which provide customers with a simple, fast, and secure payment method for their purchases. Bank wires are ideal for customers that are making larger investments in precious metals and whose purchase total falls between $2,500 and $250,000. One of the primary advantages of using a bank wire to pay for gold or silver products is the absence of associated fees. While it is possible to buy gold bars from some banks, it is more common to buy them from reputable precious metals companies online or over the phone. If you want to buy gold from a bank, it is important to contact your local branch first to ensure the asset is there for purchasing. Bank wires provide customers with a simple, fast, and secure payment method for their gold and silver purchases.

what is the typical markup on gold bars sold by banks.

The typical markup on gold bars sold by banks can vary, but it is generally around 3%. This markup covers the cost of the gold itself, as well as any additional expenses such as minting, shipping, and other costs. It’s important to note that while some banks sell gold bars, it is not common and their selection is often limited. It is more common to buy gold bars from reputable precious metals dealers online or over the phone. These dealers may offer competitive prices and a wider variety of options compared to banks.

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