List of bullion coins by country.

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Understanding Bullion Coins: Bullion coins have a rich history spanning millennia, initially serving as primary currency but now assuming roles as collectibles and investment assets within the international fiat currency system. Collectors prize bullion coins for their rarity and visual appeal, often driving their value above the intrinsic worth of the precious metals they contain, termed “numismatic value.” The value solely tied to their precious metals content is known as the “melt value.”

Key Takeaways:

  1. Bullion coins are physical coins crafted from precious metals, commonly using gold and silver, with occasional use of platinum and palladium.
  2. Investors acquire bullion coins for various purposes, including gift-giving, collecting, and as a hedge against inflation.

Bullion coins, made from precious metals like gold, palladium, platinum, rhodium, and silver, are official legal tender coins issued by governments. These coins are primarily acquired as a means of preserving wealth or as an investment, rather than for everyday commerce.

In the United Kingdom, bullion coins may be labeled as “coins” if they meet specific criteria, including being minted after 1800 and having a minimum fineness of 900 thousandths. In the United States, coins not meeting the legal tender criteria are referred to as “rounds.”

Bullion coins are available in various weights, often as multiples or fractions of 1 troy ounce, with some produced in limited quantities and weighing in kilograms or heavier units.

Investors often turn to bullion coins as a safeguard against inflation, concerned about the fiscal responsibility of governments and the purchasing power of fiat currencies, like the U.S. dollar (USD). This makes bullion coins an attractive investment option, as their value tends to rise when fiat currencies depreciate.

CountryName of bullion coinFinenessWeights options
in troy ounces (ozt)
Significance:Years minted
AustraliaGold Nugget.99991201101412, 1
2, 10, 1 kg

The Gold Perth Kangaroo 1 oz BU is a top choice for investors looking for both aesthetics and value. This coin, with its captivating design representing the Australian outback and culture, is highly sought after by global investors.
The reverse side features a regal adult kangaroo in its natural surroundings, surrounded by native flora, minted to a .9999 fine gold standard, ensuring durability and value. On the obverse, there’s the elegant effigy of Queen Elizabeth II, honoring her enduring relationship with Australia. With a face value of $100 (AUD) and government support, this coin is not just a beautiful piece of Australian history but also a solid investment option.
AustraliaDragon Rectangular Coin.99991The Dragon Rectangular Coin, minted by the Perth Mint since 2018, is a highly sought-after bullion coin available in both gold and silver versions, each boasting a face value of one Australian dollar and one hundred Australian dollars, respectively. Weighing one troy ounce and composed of 0.9999 fine precious metal, this coin features a striking design, with Queen Elizabeth II’s bust on the obverse and a Chinese dragon with a flaming pearl on the reverse.
Recognized as legal tender in Australia and exempt from Capital Gains Tax, the Dragon Rectangular Coin is prized by collectors and investors for its exceptional design and high level of purity. With a limited annual mintage, it’s a valuable addition to any collection or investment portfolio, embodying a unique blend of traditional coins and bars, making it a reliable investment in the coin market.
AustriaVienna Philharmonic.99991251101412, 1The 2024 Gold Austrian Philharmonic Coin, 1 oz BU, is a highly sought-after gold coin in the bullion market. It pays tribute to Austria’s rich musical heritage with a brilliant uncirculated design featuring musical instruments shining brilliantly on the obverse. The reverse spotlights the Great Organ of the Musikverein, where the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra performs.
As legal tender in Austria, this coin carries a face value of €100 (E.U.R.) and is composed of .9999 fine 24-carat gold, making it a valuable addition to any investment portfolio. It not only holds investment value but also serves as a collector’s item. Launched in 1989, the Vienna Philharmonic series was the first European legal tender bullion coin series denominated in Euros, making it an affordable and iconic addition to any collection.
CanadaMaple Leaf.9999120115110151412, 1, 100 kgThe Gold Maple Leaf coin from the Royal Canadian Mint, introduced in 1979, holds great significance as a symbol of national pride and identity for Canada. These coins are cherished for their guaranteed weight and purity, reaching up to .99999 fine gold, along with their stunning design. Available in various sizes to cater to the needs of all types of investors, these legal tender Canadian coins have gained global popularity.
The Royal Canadian Mint has a rich history dating back to 1908 when it produced Canada’s first domestically made coin under Governor General Earl Grey. The mint has been refining gold since 1936, producing .999 fine Gold bars, and was the world’s pioneer in manufacturing .999 fine gold bullion coins. The reverse of these coins showcases the iconic maple leaf, while the obverse features a beautiful image of Queen Elizabeth II.
Acquiring these iconic Canadian Gold Maple Leaf coins is an excellent way to enhance your collection.
ChinaGold Panda.999(since 2016) 1g, 3g, 5g, 8g, 15g,
30g, 50g, 100g, 150g
The Chinese Gold Panda coin, minted since 1982, is a favored choice among modern gold bullion investors. Initially available in 1 oz gold and three fractional weights, these coins are esteemed for their pure gold content, containing 1/20 Troy oz of .999 pure gold, and backed by the Chinese government at face value in Yuan. The obverse features the striking Temple of Heaven structure, while the reverse showcases a unique Giant Panda image for each year.
Issued by the Chinese Mint under the authority of the People’s Republic of China and the People’s Bank of China, these gold coins have become highly sought-after collectibles. Despite the change from troy ounces to grams for measurement, their popularity remains strong, with a new panda design gracing the reverse side of each coin.
IranEmami.9002g, 4g, 8.13gBahār-e Āzādī, also known as “Imami,” is a gold bullion coin issued by the Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran, replacing the Pahlavi Coin after the Iranian Revolution. It has featured various designs, including the Imam Reza Shrine, “Ali” calligraphy, and portraits of Ruhollah Khomeini. These coins come in denominations of ¼, ½, 2½, and 5 Bahar Azadi, with some commemorating significant events like the Islamic Revolution and Khomeini’s birth year.
In 2010, a new edition was introduced, the “One Gerami,” weighing one gram and featuring Khomeini’s portrait on the obverse and Ali’s calligraphy with a Persian legend of the C.B.I. on the reverse.
Isle of ManAngel.9991201101412, 1, 5, 10The Angel coin, originating in 1465 during Edward IV’s reign, features Archangel Michael slaying a dragon. Modern gold and silver bullion versions are privately minted in the Isle of Man, having legal tender status but valued primarily for their precious metal content. The reverse showcases a Viking-themed border with the triskele, the Isle of Man’s coat of arms, and a ship flag. Queen Elizabeth II appears in five portraits, with the fifth in use since 2015. The Angel’s design, seen on coins from Ukraine and Russia, has evolved through three initial iterations and featured three unique designs in 2009.1984–present
IsraelJerusalem of Gold Series.99991Israel Coins and Medals Corp., established in 1958 by David Ben Gurion, is the authorized body for issuing official State Medals of Israel and distributing commemorative coins and special banknote issues of the Bank of Israel under an exclusive contract. It serves as an ambassador for Israel, spreading its culture and heritage through these coins and medals. Among its noteworthy releases is the annual Commemorative coin for Israel’s Independence Day. In 2010, the Bank of Israel introduced the “Jerusalem of Gold” bullion coin series, featuring iconic Jerusalem landmarks, with a limited mintage of 3,600 fine gold coins having a face value of 20 New Shekels. While the corporation was wholly government-owned until 2008, it was privatized and acquired by G.R.A.S. Design Combinations Ltd.2010–present
MalaysiaKijang Emas.99991412, 1The Malaysian Kijang Emas is Malaysia’s official gold bullion coin, minted by the Royal Mint with .999 fineness. Introduced in 2001, it comes in RM200, RM100, and RM50 denominations, sold based on international gold market prices. The obverse showcases a barking deer (“kijang”), while the reverse features the hibiscus, Malaysia’s national flower, with denomination and “BANK NEGARA MALAYSIA” in the Jawi script. Malaysia joins 11 other countries with their gold bullion coins, such as Canada, the United States, Australia, and South Africa.2001–present
MaltaMelita.9991101412, 1Since 2018, the Central Bank of Malta, in partnership with Lombard Bank, has introduced the exquisite Melita bullion coins, available in both silver and gold. These coins, recognized as legal tender, are issued in four different euro denominations and display the national personification of Malta, Melita.
The design draws inspiration from the splendid Melita issue postage and revenue stamps, commemorating Malta’s transition to a self-governing colony. On the obverse side, the coins feature Malta’s coat of arms. Each denomination varies in dimensions and weight, with production tailored to demand.
MexicoLibertad.9991201101412, 1Libertad Gold coins, minted by La Casa de Moneda de México, the oldest Mint in the Americas dating back to 1535, are Mexican silver and gold bullion coins. These modern coins boast a .999 fineness and come in various sizes. While they lack a face value, they are still recognized as currency and guaranteed by Banco de México based on their precious metal content’s market value. In addition to the bullion version, there are proof and reverse-proof coins tailored for collectors. The coin’s design features the Mexican coat of arms on the obverse and the winged Victoria of the Angel of Independence with Popocatépetl and Iztaccihuatl volcanoes in the background on the reverse. This design symbolizes Mexican identity, culture, and history, with roots in the Aztec deity Huitzilopochtli guiding his people to build their city after spotting an eagle feasting on a snake atop a cactus, forming the basis for the Mexican coat of arms.1991–present
MexicoLibertad.9001412, 1The Mexico Libertad gold coin, introduced in 1981, is a Mexican bullion coin highly regarded for its historical significance and stunning design. Key facts about the 1981-1990 Mexico Libertad gold coin include its distinction as the inaugural release in the 1 oz Gold Libertad Brilliant Uncirculated series. Available in various sizes, including 1 oz and 1/4 oz, the 1 oz coin contains 1.2057 troy ounces of gold with a 90% purity (21.6 karats) and a face value of 50 pesos. The obverse showcases Winged Victory, while the reverse features the Mexican coat of arms with an eagle on a cactus holding a snake. Recognized as legal tender in Mexico and exempt from Capital Gains Tax, the Libertad gold coin is a highly sought-after choice among collectors and investors. It’s a valuable addition to any collection or investment portfolio, earning a reputation as a reliable investment in the coin market.1981–90
MexicoCentenario.9001.20565 (weight 41.67 gr. for 37.5 gr. of pure gold)The Mexico Centenario gold coin, minted in 1921 to commemorate Mexico’s independence centenary, is a Mexican bullion coin. It carries a face value of 50 pesos and contains 1.2057 troy ounces of gold with a purity of 90% (21.6 karats). The obverse features Winged Victory, while the reverse displays the Mexican coat of arms with an eagle on a cactus holding a snake. Highly sought after by collectors and investors for its historical significance and exquisite design, it’s recognized as legal tender in Mexico and is exempt from Capital Gains Tax. The Mexico Centenario gold coin is a valuable addition to collections and investment portfolios.1921–31, 1943–47, 1949–72*, 1996*, 2000-09**dated 1947
New ZealandKiwi.99991101412, 1New Zealand Gold Kiwis are precious bullion coins featuring the iconic Kiwi bird. The Rakiura Tokoeka Kiwi, a rare day-active species, graces these coins, making them a collector’s gem. While not minted by an official government mint, they are backed by both the government of New Zealand and the Mayer Mint Germany, ensuring their purity and value. The obverse portrays Queen Elizabeth II, who is also the Queen of New Zealand. The charming design on the reverse showcases the Rakiura Tokoeka Kiwi on a picturesque beach in Rakiura, celebrating the natural beauty and cultural significance of New Zealand.1990–present
PolandOrzeł bielik (Polish White-tailed Eagle).99991101412, 1
In 1995, Poland introduced the Gold Bald Eagle coin as part of the Orzeł Bielik series of gold coins. This non-circulating coin had a limited mintage of 3,000 and was produced until 2017, with a few exceptions. The coin is renowned for its high purity, containing .9999 gold. It comes in denominations of 50, 100, and 200 Złotych and features a stunning depiction of the white-tailed bald eagle. The National Bank of Poland is the exclusive issuer of this exquisite coin, and it is exempt from sales tax or V.A.T. when traded.
except for
2001, 2003 and 2005
RussiaGeorge the Victorious.9997.89gThe Central Bank of the Russian Federation is known for producing commemorative and investment-grade coins made from precious metals. One of their notable offerings is the Russian St George the Victorious gold bullion coin, highly favored by collectors. This coin is minted with .999 gold and weighs 0.2537 troy ounces, featuring a remarkable design.
On the obverse, you’ll find the symbol of the Central Bank of Russia, a double-headed eagle with protruding tongues. On the reverse side, there is the iconic depiction of Saint George and the Dragon, a creation by the esteemed artist and sculptor A.V. Baklanov. It is a rare and precious piece of Russian cultural heritage. While a new half-ounce gold coin is on the horizon, the Gold George may never be produced again, making it a unique and valuable addition to any collection.
SingaporeLion.99991201101412, 11990-2002
SomaliaElephant.999150125, 1, 5Introducing the 2004 Gold Somalia Elephant coin, a precious addition to the African Wildlife Elephant series by the Bavarian State Mint. This coin features a majestic African bush elephant in a savannah setting. The obverse displays Somalia’s coat of arms with leopards on either side. Crafted with .999 fine gold, it’s a masterpiece and sought after by collectors worldwide. Don’t miss your chance to own a piece of this prestigious series.2004–present
South AfricaKrugerrand.91671201101412, 1
The South Africa Gold Krugerrand BU coin continues the legacy of Krugerrand bullion excellence. This gold coin, with a half-century history, remains a strong investment choice and is globally renowned as one of the top 5 gold bullion coins. It boasts an iconic and historically significant design, making it a true masterpiece.
On the obverse, you’ll find a distinctive left-facing portrait of Paul Kruger, the first president of the Republic of South Africa, known for his iconic beard style. The Krugerrand holds the distinction of being the first modern gold bullion coin and the world’s first 1 oz gold coin. Despite not having a specified face value, it is the only government-issued bullion coin accepted as legal tender. The reverse side, designed by sculptor Coert Steynberg, features the elegant springbok antelope, a symbol of South Africa’s wildlife. Don’t miss the chance to own this elegant and iconic coin.
SpainIberian Lynx.99991The 2021 Spanish Iberian Lynx BU coin is a rare and exquisite tribute to the endangered wild cat species native to Spain and Portugal. With a limited mintage of 50,000, this coin contains 1/10 troy oz of 999.9 fine gold and is legal tender in Spain. The obverse displays the Pillars of Hercules and intricate inscriptions, while the reverse features a detailed Iberian lynx. It’s a must-have coin, celebrating Spanish history and the unique beauty of its wildlife.2021-Present
UkraineArchangel Michael.99991101412, 1The Ukrainian Gold Archangel Michael Coins, known for their magnificent beauty and rare craftsmanship, have been produced in limited quantities since 2011. Highly sought after by investors and collectors, these coins are a valuable addition to any portfolio.
Crafted in .999 pure gold, each coin features the image of Saint Michael, the esteemed leader of God’s army, on the obverse. The reverse displays the meticulously engraved coat of arms of Ukraine by the National Bank of Ukraine. Available in Brilliant, Uncirculated condition and various weights to suit your investment preferences, these Ukrainian Gold Archangel Michael coins are not just an investment but also hold significant historical importance.
United KingdomSovereign.91670.2354The Sovereign, a British gold coin with a £1 nominal value, contains 0.2354 troy oz of pure gold. First minted in 1489 during Henry VII’s reign, it was historically the largest and most valuable gold coin. Today, it is both a bullion coin and a jewelry item, known for its precision and quality, earning it the title of the “chief coin of the world.” The design has remained classic over the years, with the reigning monarch on the obverse and St. George slaying the dragon on the reverse. Available as a 1 pound and ½ pound gold coin, with £2 and £5 Sovereign versions. The Royal Mint sells gold Sovereigns directly to the public, and as legal tender, it is exempt from capital gains tax for UK residents.1887–1932
1949–52 (dated 1925)
1974, 1976, 1978–82
United KingdomBritannia.91671101412, 1The 1987-2012 Britannia gold coin, issued by the Royal Mint, is a British gold bullion coin. It has a face value of £100 and contains one troy ounce of 22-karat gold (91.7% gold purity). Featuring the iconic figure of Britannia on the reverse and Queen Elizabeth II’s portrait on the obverse, the Britannia gold coin comes in various sizes, including one-ounce and quarter-ounce options. It’s eligible for inclusion in Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs) and serves as a valuable addition to investment portfolios. As British legal tender, it is exempt from Capital Gains Tax and VAT. The Britannia gold coin is renowned for its reliability and is a trusted choice in the coin market.1987–2012
United KingdomBritannia.9999140 1201101412, 1The 2023 Gold Royal Mint Britannia King Charles III coin is a regal addition to your collection, honoring Britain’s newest monarch, King Charles III. It features a guilloché security pattern on the obverse and the iconic figure of Britannia on the reverse, with four anti-counterfeiting security features. Inscribed with “BRITANNIA . 2023 . 1 oz 999 FINE Gold” on the rim, this government-backed sovereign coin ensures authenticity and value. 2013–present
United StatesGold Eagle.91671101412, 1
The 2023 American Gold Eagle BU Type 2 is a highly appreciated and stable gold bullion coin known for its stunning design. It features Lady Liberty on the obverse, holding a torch and olive branch, while the reverse showcases a powerful bald eagle. Introduced in 1986, it quickly became a favorite among investors and collectors, symbolizing American values. Backed by the U.S. government, it’s a safe and reliable investment that holds historical and cultural significance. Invest in the 2023 1 oz American Gold Eagle BU Type 2 to secure a piece of history and a timeless asset for your future.
United StatesAmerican Buffalo.99991The American Buffalo gold coin, introduced by the United States Mint in 2006, is a 24-karat bullion coin that closely follows the design of the Indian Head nickel, featuring an American Bison on the reverse. It marked the first time the U.S. Government minted pure (.9999) 24-karat gold coins for the public, containing one troy ounce of pure gold with a face value of US$50. Known for its striking design, high purity, and investment value, it’s eligible for IRAs and is a valuable addition to investment portfolios. As legal tender, it’s exempt from Capital Gains Tax and VAT. This highly sought-after coin has earned a reputation as a reliable investment in the coin market, making it an attractive choice for collectors and investors alike.2006–present

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