Half Cent Coin History.

Reading Time: 3 minutes

The half cent was among the first coin strikes authorized by the U.S. Congress on April 2, 1792. Designed by Adam Eckfeldt and first released in 1793, it was minted at the Philadelphia Mint periodically until 1857. Its metal composition was of copper and weighed of 6.74 grams. It is the smallest-denomination coin ever minted in the United States. Its small buying power and large size 22mm, led to its unpopularity at that time in history. Production of the Half Cent discontinued production on February 21, 1857.

Though it may appear strange nowadays, the U.S. government once issued a coin worth less than one cent: the half cent. The copper Half Cent started in production on April 2, 1792. During its 64-years in circulation the Government stuck five basic design types of the tiny (0.93-in) coin. The Philadelphia Mint was the choice of location for stricking the first batch of Half Cent coins. A mint Mark was not forged on the coins. The Half Cent’s designers and engravers are amongst the most renowned in U.S. Mint history: Adam Eckfeldt, Robert Scot, John Gardner, Gilbert Stuart, John Reich and Christian Gobrecht. Designs for the Half Cent were also translated for use other coin denominations throughout the years. Below is a brief summary of the Half Cent coinage designs.

Liberty Cap Half Cent (1793-1797)

The 1793 Liberty Cap was the first half cent struck and as a result, is a highly coveted coin for today’s coin collectors. The obverse design, is believed to be based on sketches made by Mint Director David Rittenhouse, although it is not known for certain who actually finalized the design and the dies for the first Half Cents strick. The obverse features a portrait of “Liberty” facing left. Her hair is flowing behind her, and ascending from the back of her head is a pole that supports a liberty cap. The reverse features a laurel wreath of leaves and berries which circle the value, “HALF CENT”. In 1794 the “Liberty Cap” half cent saw its first design change after only one year of circulation. This design, “Liberty” is facing to the right. While there were many different forms of this design type, the most famed change, other than the direction of “Liberty”, is that she now is wearing her liberty cap. There are varieties which do place the cap held upright by a pole. The reverse remained the same as the previous designs, with a wreath circling the value, “HALF CENT”.

Draped Bust Half Cent (1800-1808).

Starting in 1800, the Half Cents design changed with the introduction of the “Draped Bust” form. The obverse featured a larger version of “Liberty” facing right. The reverse was graced with the existing wreath already in use. The laurel wreath is a close copy of that seen on 1797 Cents. It displays 16 leaves on the left branch and 19 on the right. “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA” surrounds the border and the value “HALF CENT” is centered on the coin with the fraction, 1/200 at the coin’s lower edge.

Braided Hair Half Cent (1840-1857).

The last design variety in the “Half Cent” series is the “Braided Hair”. The designer, Christian Gobrecht, used the same Braided Hair conception he used on the cent of 1839. A bust of “Liberty”, facing left, graces the obverse. Her hair is braided into a bun. She wears a tiara inscribed with the word “liberty”. The reverse side was a re-introduction of that used on the 1809 rendition. The denomination, “HALF CENT”, is bordered by a wreath, tied at the bottom with a bow, and circled by the legend “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA”.

Visitor search terms:

half cent coin, paul revere 1 cent coin, rare coins history, US 1/2 cent coin, 1/2 us cent, smallest us coins, american 1/2 cent coins, rare five cent coins, us 1/2 cent, half cent history, smallest usa coin, us 1 2 cent coin, U S half cent coin, us one half cent coin, 1/2 cent coin united states, us rarest coins in history, united states 1/2 cent, what is an american half penny from 1941 worth, tiny 1 cent coin united states of america, tiny 1 cent, half cent was last minted, what is the most highly coveted one cent copper coin, us 1/2 dime, right face 1793 half cent coin, whats the value of 1792 half dime, rare u s coins half cent 1807, why was the half cent discontinued, what is a 1/2 cent coin worth, what coin worth 19 cents, USA 1 cent 1892 value, US HALFCENT DISCONTINUE, us half cent coin, US copper braided 1/2 cents, usa 1/2 cent coin, us cent 1991 copy, usa half cent 1793 philadelphia mint, US 1/2 CENTS, What is a United States 1/2 cent penny worth, was there ever a coin less than 1 cent?, WAS THERE EVER LEATHER COINS, us 1 cent history, smallest denomination u s coin, rare coins half cent, 1965 1/2 cent worth, 1916 half cent, 1857 double braid 1/2 cent penny, 1856 half cent copy, 1809 us 1/2 cent, 1804 us half penny, 1/2 dime value

Spread the love

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Posted

in

by

Tags:

© 2024. Made with Twentig.